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          中国传统节日清明节介绍

          作者:未知来源:古典文学网发表于:2017-02-14 09:04:18阅读:
          清明节

          (时间):节气清明当日,公历(阳历)四月五日前后

          释义

          清明节是中国最重要的祭祀节日,是最适合祭祖和扫墓的日子。扫墓俗称上坟,祭祀死者的一种活动。汉族和一些少数民族大多都是在清明节扫墓。

          习俗

          按照旧的习俗,扫墓时,人们要携带酒食果品、纸钱等物品到墓地,将食物供祭在亲人墓前,再将纸钱焚化,为坟墓培上新土,折几枝嫩绿的新枝插在坟上,然后叩头行礼祭拜,最后吃掉酒食回家。唐代诗人杜牧的诗《清明》:“清明时节雨纷纷,路上行人欲断魂。借问酒家何处有?牧童遥指杏花村。”写出了清明节的特殊气氛。

          清明节,又叫踏青节,按阳历来说,它是在每年的4月4日至6日之间,正是春光明媚草木吐绿的时节,也正是人们春游[古代叫踏青]的好时候,所以古人有清明踏青,并开展一系列体育活动的的习俗。

          清明节的由来与传说:

          中国传统的清明节大约始于周代,已有二千五百多年的历史。清明最开始是一个很重要的节气,清明一到,气温升高,正是春耕春种的大好时节,故有“清明前后,种瓜种豆”。“植树造林,莫过清明”的农谚。后来,由于清明与寒食的日子接近,而寒食是民间禁火扫墓的日子,渐渐的,寒食与清明就合二为一了,而寒食既成为清明的别称,也变成为清明时节的一个习俗,清明之日不动烟火,只吃凉的食品。

          清明节诗词

          《途中寒食》(唐)宋之问

          马上逢寒食,途中属暮春。

          可怜江浦望,不见洛桥人。

          北极怀明主,南溟作逐臣。

          故园肠断处,日夜柳条新。

          《寒食》(唐)韩翃

          春城无处不飞花,寒食东风御柳斜。

          日暮汉宫传蜡烛,轻烟散入五侯家。

          《闾门即事》(唐)张继

          耕夫召募爱楼船,春草青青万项田;

          试上吴门窥郡郭,清明几处有新烟。

          《清明》(宋)王禹俏

          无花无酒过清明,兴味萧然似野僧。

          昨日邻家乞新火,晓窗分与读书灯。

          《苏堤清明即事》(宋)吴惟信

          梨花风起正清明,游子寻春半出城。

          日暮笙歌收拾去,万株杨柳属流莺。

          《寒食上冢》(宋)杨万里

          迳直夫何细!桥危可免扶?

          远山枫外淡,破屋麦边孤。

          宿草春风又,新阡去岁无。

          梨花自寒食,进节只愁余。

          《郊行即事》(宋)程颢

          芳草绿野恣行事,春入遥山碧四周;

          兴逐乱红穿柳巷,固因流水坐苔矶;

          莫辞盏酒十分劝,只恐风花一片红;

          况是清明好天气,不妨游衍莫忘归。

          《送陈秀才还沙上省墓》(明)高启

          满衣血泪与尘埃,乱后还乡亦可哀。

          风雨梨花寒食过,几家坟上子孙来?

          《清江引 清明日出游》(明)王磐问

          西楼禁烟何处好?绿野晴天道。

          马穿杨柳嘶,人倚秋千笑,

          探莺花总教春醉倒。

          《清明》(唐)杜牧

          清明时节雨纷纷,路上行人欲断魂。

          借问酒家何处有?牧童遥指杏花村。
          本文来源于古典文学网www.chinesemta.com),转载请保留原文链接及注明出处。
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